67 Wn.2d 994, LARRY D. LANTIS et al., Appellants, v. PHILIP JOHN PFARR et al., Respondents

[No. 38457. Department Two.      Supreme Court      February 10, 1966.]

LARRY D. LANTIS et al., Appellants, v. PHILIP JOHN PFARR
                          et al., Respondents.*

[1] Damages - Trial - Taking Case From Jury - Sufficiency of Award. The ruling on a motion to increase the damage award of a jury or for a new trial on damages only, is peculiarly within the discretion of the trial court, and will not be reversed on appeal except for a manifest abuse of discretion; and a denial of the motion is not an abuse of discretion where the jury's award is supported by substantial evidence.

[2] Appeal and Error - Review - Verdict. The Supreme Court will not substitute its views on disputed facts for those of the jury or of the trial court where their findings are sustained by substantial evidence.

Appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court for Spokane County, No. 174615, Hugh H. Evans J., entered April 23, 1965. Affirmed.

Action for personal injuries. Plaintiffs appeal from a judgment in their favor.

Hamblen, Gilbert & Brooke, by Philip S. Brooke Jr., for appellants.

MacGillivray, Jones, Clarke & Schiffner, by John D. MacGillivray, for respondents.

PER CURIUM -

The plaintiff, Florence Lantis, who will be referred to as though she were the only plaintiff, sustained injuries in an automobile accident. Liability of the defendants was conceded, and the only issue was the amount of the damages. From a judgment entered on a jury verdict which awarded $334.61 for car damage, $153.20 for medical expenses, $300 for time loss, and $1,500 as general damages (a total of $2,287.81) the plaintiff appeals. The prayer of the complaint had been $36,000 for present and future loss of wages and $150,000 as general damages.

From what, at the time, appeared to be relatively slight injuries, the plaintiff, who had worked as a waitress and taken care of her own home, contends that she has become afflicted with seizures or spells of unconsciousness rendering


* Reported in 410 P.2d 900.

 Feb. 1966]               LANTIS v. PFARR                     995

her permanently incapable of engaging in any gainful occupation or any activities involving the use of her left arm.

The jury not only assessed the plaintiff's damages in the amounts indicated, but in answer to a special interrogatory found that there was no causal connection between the accident of August 16, 1962, and the spells or seizures of which the plaintiff complains.

The sole assignment of error is that the trial court erred and abused its discretion in denying the plaintiff's motion to increase the verdict of the jury or for a new trial on damages only.

[1] The ruling on such a motion is a matter peculiarly within the discretion of the trial court. We will not reverse the refusal to grant a new trial on such grounds, except for a manifest abuse of discretion. Mullin v. Builders Dev. &Fin. Serv. Inc., 62 Wn.2d 202, 205, 381 P.2d 970 (1963); Lipshay v. Barr, 54 Wn.2d 257, 339 P.2d 471 (1959).

[2] There was substantial evidence to sustain the jury's finding that there was no causal relationship between the accident of August 16, 1962, and the spells or seizures of which the plaintiff complains. It is not our province to weigh the testimony, and we will not substitute our views on disputed facts for those of the jury or of the trial court where their findings are sustained by substantial evidence. Employers Mut. Liab. Ins. Co. of Wisconsin v. Zurich Ins. Co., ante p. 568, 572, 409 P.2d 165 (Dec. 9, 1965); Thorndike v. Hesperian Orchards, Inc., 54 Wn.2d 570, 343 P.2d 183 (1959) (and literally scores of cases between the two). There was no abuse of discretion by the trial court in refusing to set aside a finding of the jury supported by substantial evidence.

The judgment is affirmed.

67 Wn.2d 996, THE STATE OF WASHINGTON, on the Relation of the City of Seattle, Appellant, v. HONORABLE WILLIAM J. WONG, Judge Pro Tempore of the Municipal Court of Seattle, Respondent GEORGE FEAK et al., Respondents, v. B. F. GOODRICH COMPANY et al., Appellants

[No. 37526. Department One.      Supreme Court      October 21, 1965.]

THE STATE OF WASHINGTON, on the Relation of the City of Seattle,
          Appellant, v. HONORABLE WILLIAM J. WONG, Judge Pro Tempore
                of the Municipal Court of Seattle, Respondent.*

Appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court for King County, No. 610449, Henry Clay Agnew, J., entered December 13, 1963. Affirmed.

Application for a writ of certiorari to a municipal court. Plaintiff appeals from a judgment of dismissal.

A. L. Newbould and Gordon F. Crandall, for appellant.

Alfred J. Westberg and Charles E. Ehlert, for respondent.

PER CURIAM -

This is an appeal from a judgment of the superior court dismissing a writ of certiorari obtained by the city of Seattle for the review of a judgment of the Seattle Municipal Court, wherein certain charges filed against Daniel F. Sullivan, defendant, for the violation of the zoning ordinance of Seattle (ordinance 86300) were dismissed.

We have carefully considered the entire record on appeal to this court and find it inadequate to review the trial court's judgment in its dismissal of the writ of certiorari.

The judgment of the trial court is therefore affirmed.